Performance of “Skin-awareness” was published on Creativeapplications

Director | Friendred
Installation & Fabrication & Computation | Friendred
Visual design & Interactive design | Friendred
Choreographer | Luigi Ambrosio
Sound producer | Joy Lee | John Xie
Performer | Luigi Ambrosio | Bianca Vrcan
Cinematographer | Arturas Bondarciukas | Joseph Rodrigues Marsh | Darel Di Gregorio
Post Production | Friendred


The immersive space morphs and alters with light and becomes solid, its pressure composing and decomposing the self-awareness of skin. The dancer’s body is extended and manipulated as a conscious entity, exceeding the physiological object. The constant feedback between the body's trajectory and interaction with the environment changes the nature of the object itself.

The embodied, symbiotic relationship of light, sound, and space is central to this performance. The performer uses their body as a self-aware agent to adapt to the surrounding sensory environment. The piece crosses the intersection of technological interventions, architectural fabrication, and contemporary dance performance. Forty laser beams controlled by machine learning algorithms read and encode choreography. Synergies of futuristic lighting and surrounding screens create a brief detachment from reality. Computer vision is utilised with computational precision along with the control of body movement.

Full-length video

Concept and background research

Phenomenology and embodiment

Key to understanding the context of Skin-awareness is the nuanced relationship between neomaterialism, phenomenology and embodiment in HCI. Paul Dourish incorporated Merleau Ponty’s philosophic perspective into human computing interaction and early interactive performance. Dourish was not the first to apply phenomenology to HCI but was the first to reach a wider audience. When we incorporate embodiment into performance, another fundamental aspect that should be considered is information selection. Information selection, refers to the information that is produced during a performance, for example, when a human subject’s body physically interacts with a material and there is information feedback between the two entities. However, the gap between phenomenal embodiment and information expressed from the performance can be filled with improvisation. It includes the redundancy and performativity of the machine and creativity from the performer’s sensorium.

Merleau-Ponty, the French philosopher, makes the distinction of two perspectives of the human body, the third person perspective versus the first person perspective. The third person perspective describes the body as a physiological object in the world, whilst the first person perspective represents the body as a self-aware entity, capable of subjective cognition and perception through interacting with surrounding tangible objects and environments. This means that individuals perceive objects by interacting with them for what they actually are but that the complete experience depends on the individual’s own perspective. There is constant feedback between the individual and the object and each individual’s unique approach to interaction with the object may change the nature of the object itself.

Merleau-Ponty said “my body is transparent in use”, people are not fully aware that the body actually exists until it stops functioning correctly. This phenomenological framework had fundamental influence in early HCI and has been extended to include multiple aspects of exploring the relationship between users and artefacts. Following on from Merleau-Ponty’s argument of “lived bodies”, Toombs described another example of the phenomenal and objective bodies.

"For the person who routinely uses a wheelchair the device becomes a part of the body. One intuitively allows for the width of the wheels when going through a doorway; one performs the necessary hand/arm movements to move forwards and backwards without thinking about it. With habitual use the wheelchair becomes an extension of one’s bodily range. Thus, when a stranger pushes my wheelchair without my permission, it is invading my personal bodily space." [Toombs 2002, page 256]. [27,32]

Information selection

People construct their own version of perception when their mind is trying to convert the information from the reality reflecting the scenes. The process of what information the human mind projects can be distorted by past experiences, education, cultural values as well as the specificity of the occasion and information itself. When considering this notion in relation to haptic feedback and embodiment in the performance, the contradiction of the sense of somatic encounters and the complexity of human perception will be processed by the mind.

Most of the information has been processed and filtered through habituation. Our haptic and visible feedback or other sensations will be perceived in the context of habituation. Consequently, we will instead receive more information when the irrelevant data has been reduced, in this case with the exclusion of sound and visuals, and introduction of enhanced haptic sensation.


Thanks everyone who helped with this project in the past 6 months.
Thank you Alex for proofreading and great support.
Thank you Luigi Ambrosio for choreography and perform in this piece.
Thank you Bianca Vrcan for performing.
Thank you Joy Lee, John Xie for producing the mucic.
Thank you Atau and Blanca for the knowledge of immersive research project and soft ware study.
Thank you Rita-Josy Haddoub for helping with calibrating the servo motors.
Thank you Roy, Valerio, Christopher Baker and Elias for the help with code issues.
Thank you Arturas Bond, Joseph Rodrigues Marsh and Darel Digregorio for cinema photography.
Thank you Nicolas and Ben for the help with metal work.
Thank you Laurie, Annie, Chris, Ben, Eevi, Petros and Howard for helping with installing
Thank you Amy, Laura for the help.
Thank you Dianiah for helping with making the mirrors.
Thanks my family.


Merleau-Ponty, M. 1962. Phenomenology of Perception. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, UK.
Dag Svanæs, Interaction design for and with the lived body: Some implications of merleau-ponty's phenomenology, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI), v.20 n.1, p.1-30, March 2013 [doi>10.1145/2442106.2442114].
Smelik, A. (2010). The scientific imaginary in visual culture. Goettingen: V & R Unipress, pp.69-88.
Salter, C. (2015). Alien agency. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Toombs, S. K. 2002. Reflections on bodily change: The lived experience of disability. In Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine, S. K. Toombs, Ed. Kluwer Acedemic Press, The Netherlands, 245--260
Thingiverse open sourse printing modeule by Eltitomanolo